Computational design of chemical nanosensors: Transition metal doped single-walled carbon nanotubes

Chemical Sensors: Simulation and Modeling, Ed. Ghenadii Korotcenkov, Momentum Press, Highland Park, NJ Vol. 2, p. 339 - 377 (2011)

Computational design of chemical nanosensors: Transition metal doped single-walled carbon nanotubes

Duncan J. Mowbray, Juan María García-Lastra, Iker Larraza Arocena, Ángel Rubio, Kristian S. Thygesen, Karsten W. Jacobsen

We present a general approach to the computational design of nanostructured chemical sensors. The scheme is based on identification and calculation of microscopic descriptors (design parameters) which are used as input to a thermodynamic model to obtain the relevant macroscopic properties. In particular, we consider the functionalization of a (6,6) metallic armchair single-walled carbon nanotube (SWNT) by nine different 3d transition metal (TM) atoms occupying three types of vacancies. For six gas molecules (N2, O2, H2O, CO, NH3, H2S) we calculate the binding energy and change in conductance due to adsorption on each of the 27 TM sites. For a given type of TM functionalization, this allows us to obtain the equilibrium coverage and change in conductance as a function of the partial pressure of the "target" molecule in a background of atmospheric air. Specifically, we show how Ni and Cu doped metallic (6,6) SWNTs may work as effective multifunctional sensors for both CO and NH3. In this way, the scheme presented allows one to obtain macroscopic device characteristics and performance data for nanoscale (in this case SWNT) based devices.

Additional Information

Doi
http://dx.doi.org/10.5643/9781606503140
arxiv
http://arxiv.org/abs/1112.1052
ISBN
978-1-60650-312-6