Dyakonov-Perel spin relaxation for degenerate electrons in the electron-hole liquid

Physical Review B 83, 155205 (2011)

Dyakonov-Perel spin relaxation for degenerate electrons in the electron-hole liquid

M. D. Mower, G. Vignale, I. V. Tokatly

We present an analytical study of the Dyakonov-Perel spin relaxation time for degenerate electrons in a photo-excited electron-hole liquid in intrinsic semiconductors exhibiting a spin-split band structure. The Dyakonov-Perel spin relaxation of electrons in these materials is controlled by electron-hole scattering, with small corrections from electron-electron scattering and virtually none from electron-impurity scattering. We derive simple expressions (one-dimensional and two-dimensional integrals respectively) for the effective electron-hole and electron-electron scattering rates which enter the spin relaxation time calculation. The electron-hole scattering rate is found to be comparable to the scattering rates from impurities in the electron liquid - a common model for n-type doped semiconductors. As the density of electron-hole pairs decreases (within the degenerate regime), a strong enhancement of the scattering rates and a corresponding slowing down of spin relaxation is predicted due to exchange and correlation effects in the electron-hole liquid. In the opposite limit of high density, the original Dyakonov-Perel model fails due to decreasing scattering rates and is eventually superseded by free precession of individual quasiparticle spins.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.83.155205
arxiv
http://arxiv.org/abs/arXiv:1010.5544

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