Non-equilibrium spectral functions from multi-terminal steady-state density functional theory

Physical Review B 100, 085114 (2019)

Non-equilibrium spectral functions from multi-terminal steady-state density functional theory

Stefan Kurth, David Jacob, Nahual Sobrino, Gianluca Stefanucci

Multi-terminal transport setups allow to realize more complex measurements and functional- ities (e.g., transistors) of nanoscale systems than the simple two-terminal arrangement. Here the steady-state density functional formalism (i-DFT) for the description of transport through nanoscale junctions with an arbitrary number of leads is developed. In a three-terminal setup and in the ideal STM limit where one of the electrodes (the “STM tip”) is effectively decoupled from the junction, the formalism allows to extract its non-equilibrium spectral function (at arbitrary temperature) while a bias is applied between the other two electrodes. Multi-terminal i-DFT is shown to be capable of describing the splitting of the Kondo resonance in an Anderson impurity in the presence of an applied bias voltage, as predicted by numerically exact many-body approaches.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.100.085114
arxiv
http://arxiv.org/abs/1905.13070

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