Role of intraband dynamics in the generation of circularly polarized high harmonics from solids

Physical Review B 102 (10), 104308 – (2020)

Role of intraband dynamics in the generation of circularly polarized high harmonics from solids

N. Klemke,N. Tancogne-Dejean,A. Rubio,F. X. Kartner, O. D. Múcke

Recent studies have demonstrated that the polarization states of high harmonics from solids can differ from those of the driving pulses. To gain insights on the microscopic origin of this behavior, we perform one-particle intraband-only calculations and reproduce some of the most striking observations. For instance, our calculations yield circularly polarized harmonics from elliptically polarized pulses that sensitively depend on the driving conditions. Furthermore, we perform experiments on ZnS and find partly similar characteristics as reported from silicon. Comparison to our intraband-only calculations shows reasonable qualitative agreement for a below-band-gap harmonic. We show that intraband dynamics predict depolarization effects for higher field strengths. For harmonics above the band gap, interband dynamics become important and the high-harmonic response to elliptical excitation looks systematically different. Our work proposes a method to distinguish between different high-harmonic generation mechanisms and it could pave the way to compact solid-state high-harmonic sources with controllable polarization states.

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http://dx.doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.102.104308
arxiv
http://arxiv.org/abs/2007.03944
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This work was supported by the European Research Council (ERC-2015-AdG694097), the Cluster of Excellence ’Advanced Imaging of Matter’ (AIM) and SFB925 ’Light induced dynamics and control of correlated quantum systems’. N. Klemke is part of the Max Planck School of Photonics supported by BMBF, Max Planck Society, and Fraunhofer Society.

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