Stability and Band Gap Constancy of Boron-Nitride Nanotubes

EPL-EUROPHYS LETT 28, 335 - 340 (1994)

Stability and Band Gap Constancy of Boron-Nitride Nanotubes

X. Blase, A. Rubio, S.G. Louie, M.L. Cohen

Extensive LDA and quasi-particle calculations have been performed on boron nitride (BN) single-wall and multi-wall nanotubes. Strain energies are found to be smaller for BN nanotubes than for carbon nanotubes of the same radius, owing to a buckling effect which stabilizes the BN tubular structure. For tubes larger than 9.5 Å in diameter, the lowest conduction band is predicted to be free-electron-like with electronic charge density localized inside the tube. For these tubes, this band is at constant energy above the top of the valence band. Consequently, contrarily to carbon nanotubes, single- and multi-wall BN nanotubes are constant-band-gap materials, independent of their radius and helicity. In addition, we expect them to exhibit remarkable properties under n-type doping.

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